The APA style is often used by students and scholars in the social sciences, especially in the fields of psychology and sociology.
APA features in-text citation, which typically includes the author's last name and date (Lipson 2018).
The MLA style utilizes in text citations and MLA and has a standard template for developing bibliography references.
The general format for in-text references is to include the author's last name and the page number for the specific quote or reference. Place the parenthetical reference at the end of the sentence (Author 123).
Chicago style has two versions:
Turabian style is based off of Chicago style, but has simpler rules for structuring citations.
A note uses a footnote to indicate a citation. For example: a behavioral antiracist is "one who is making racial group behavior fictional and individual behavior real."1
1. Ibram X. Kendi, How to Be an Antiracist (One world, 2019), 92.
The in-text citation lists the author's last name, publication date, and page number. Like so: a behavioral antiracist is "one who is making racial group behavior fictional and individual behavior real" (Kendi 2019, 92).
As advanced AI programs like ChatGPT emerge, scholars are concerned about adequate citations. Some style guides (like MLA) have published instructions for citing AI. However, many style guides haven't yet adopted formal guidelines.
Note: When citing the creator's name, attempt to find the programmer of the AI software. Don't cite the user who inputted the prompt
Citing AI in APA:
Citing AI in MLA:
Citing AI in Chicago: