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Russian Studies

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chicago style has two versions:

  • Notes & Bibliography, which has footnotes instead of in-text citations
  • Author & Date, which uses in-text citations.

Turabian style is based off of Chicago style, but has simpler rules for structuring citations.

Formatting Notes (Chicago and Turabian Notes & Bibliography)

A note uses a footnote to indicate a citation. For example: a behavioral antiracist is "one who is making racial group behavior fictional and individual behavior real."1


1. Ibram X. Kendi, How to Be an Antiracist (One world, 2019), 92.

Formatting In-Text Citations (Chicago and Turabian Author/Date)

The in-text citation lists the author's last name, publication date, and page number. Like so: a behavioral antiracist is "one who is making racial group behavior fictional and individual behavior real" (Kendi 2019, 92).

Quick Citation Rules

Full Citation Guides

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